Today, we’re going to talk about Latin, an ancient language that still takes part in our life and you probably don’t know. It’s fun to research the origins of the languages and discover what is hidden behind their lineage. Therefore, this is going to be our trip to our own past.
Latin was a language spoken in the region of Latium, in the central part of the Italic peninsula and is divided into five phases:
- The Archaic or Pre-classical Latin: from VII b.C. to II b.C.
- The Classical Latin: from II b.C. to II a.C.
- The Vulgar Latin: from II a.C. to V a.C.
- The Medieval Latin: from VI a.C. to XIV a.C.
- The Renaissance Latin: from XV a.C. until today.
As we know, the continuous usage of the language makes it change, the words suddenly have a new meaning or a new way to be written of spoken. That is exactly what happened to Latin. The Roman Empire at its apogee conquered almost the whole Europe, and when it fell, their language was spread throughout the region. It was a question of decades to the isolated groups’ dialects start to change and create the languages we know today: French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, etc.
Well, after talking a little bit about the history, let’s take a look at the Latin’s influence in our everyday life. There are some words and expressions we use today that are pure Latin, as shown in the examples below:
- Agenda – Means: Things to be done;
- Circa – Means: About;
- Et cetera – Means: and the rest;
- Vice-versa – Means: the order being reversed.
Besides it, there are many places where Latin is used, for example: some members of the Christian clergy speak it fluently and some school and universities teach it. Some American High Schools have Latin as a foreign language course the students can take, and there is an SAT Subject Test for Latin. In universities, while taking classes of Literature or languages history, students often study Latin, because as we saw, it was the beginning (or almost there).
So it is only a little part of the things we can reach studying Latin and its history. If you have other examples or things to add up, comment below! I’d love to share some knowledge about Latin with you. Stay updated!
Talk to you soon! 😀
– Mateus Rodrigues